Facet joints are synovial joints that connect the vertebrae of your spine together. There are two facet joints in each spinal motion segment. The facet joints are situated between the pedicle and lamina of the same vertebrae and form the articular pillars to provide structure stability to the vertebral column. Facet joints have a different orientation depending on the region of the spine (cervical, thoracic, lumbar). It is common for facets to become irritated and be the source of pain.
Signs and Symptoms of Facet Syndrome?
- Localized or referred (buttock, hips, thighs, legs, arms) back pain
- Tenderness on palpation
- Pain on extension
- Painful and limited range of motion
Causes of Facet Syndrome?
- Generative changes- Osteoarthritis
- Sedentary lifestyle- lack of physical activity and exercise
- Conservative management is used as a first line therapy
- Manual Therapy
- Exercise Therapy